Acne is a common skin disease. It will physically and emotionally impact as much as 85 percent of the population at some point during their lifetimes. It affects both men and women, at all ages, and of all ethnic backgrounds.
Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands become clogged with sebum, oil and dead skin cells at the hair follicle, resulting in a bacterial overgrowth in the pore and subsequent inflammation. While the exact causes of acne are not known, hormonal changes are certainly triggers. Many adolescents suffer acne at puberty, and women have flare-ups during monthly cycles, pregnancy, and menopause. Stress, genetics, and dietary factors can also trigger or worsen acne.
Known by many names, acne may be called pimples, pustules, cysts, nodules, whiteheads, blackheads, papules, and comedones. Without prevention and proper treatment acne can leave permanent scars on your skin and your self-confidence.
Scarring on the face, neck, chest, and back can be left by untreated acne – depressions and irregular texture to the skin can result and uneven red and brown marks can occur. Those afflicted with serious acne may lose self-esteem, causing them to interact less effectively in social and business situations.
If you have more than mild acne, or if your breakouts don’t respond quickly to over-the-counter medications, get the situation under control quickly with the aid of your dermatologist. Dr. Westley will examine your skin and ask questions about your lifestyle, daily routine, and the severity of your breakouts. She will design an appropriate treatment and skin care program to manage your acne.
Today’s teens and adults are fortunate to have a number of acne-fighting weapons available to them. There are multiple well-tolerated topical agents that control breakouts and help with scars as well as a host of oral medications for more severe acne. Chemical peels as well as laser treatments are also used to treat the causes of acne, as well as to remediate scarring.